Birth Defects Surveillance

Atlas of Selected Congenital Anomalies

June 2015
More details
  • Publisher
    World Health Organization
  • Published
    3rd June 2015
  • ISBN 9789241564762
  • Language English
  • Pages 34 pp.
  • Size 8.25" x 11.75"

Congenital anomalies, also known as birth defects, are structural or functional abnormalities, including metabolic disorders, that are present from birth. Congenital anomalies are a diverse group of disorders of prenatal origin that can be caused by single gene defects, chromosomal disorders, multifactorial inheritance, environmental teratogens or micronutrient malnutrition.

This atlas of selected congenital anomalies is a companion tool to Birth Defects Surveillance: A Manual for Program Managers, and is intended to help in the development, implementation and ongoing improvement of a surveillance program for congenital anomalies, particularly in countries with limited human and financial resources.

This atlas uses the International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. - 10th revision, 10th revision (ICD-10) and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) extension for coding of congenital anomalies. This atlas provides selected illustrations and photographs of congenital anomalies that are severe enough to have a high probability of being captured during the first few days following birth. Also, because of their severity and frequency, these depicted conditions have significant public health impact, and for some there is a potential for primary prevention. When used in conjunction with the manual, the illustrations and photographs will help the reader to identify an initial list of congenital anomalies to consider for monitoring; describe the tools needed to define and code identified cases and define specific congenital anomalies under surveillance.

World Health Organization

World Health Organization is a Specialized Agency of the United Nations, charged to act as the world's directing and coordinating authority on questions of human health. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.