Advances in Cultivation, Utilisation, Health Benefits and Processing Technologies
Gac fruit, Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng, is rich in nutrients such as carotenoids (particularly beta-carotene and lycopene), fatty acids, vitamin E, polyphenol compounds and flavonoids. This book provides the latest research on this fruit, from cultivation through to processing technologies for health products. It addresses several techniques on propagation and cultivation in order to increase the production and quality of Gac fruit, including traditionally used parts of the fruit (aril) and those whose value has not yet been maximized (peel, pulp and seed).
This plant has the potential to be a high value crop, particularly as parts of the fruit can be processed into nutrient supplements and/or natural colorants. It has an exceptional potential in the world carotenoids market of about US $ 1.4 billion (2017), which will be growing steadily, up to US $ 6.9 billion by 2026. As such, this book contains special emphasis on:
- Improving production of Gac fruit
- Novel extraction of Gac oil rich in beta-carotene and lycopene from aril and peel.
- Encapsulation of Gac oil rich in beta-carotene and lycopene.
- Practical applied technologies such as microwave drying, heat pump drying, freeze drying, ultrasound assisted extraction, supercritical CO2 extraction, encapsulation techniques are all presented.
Chapter 1: Improving Cultivation of Gac Fruit. Xuan T. Tran and Sophie E. Parks
Chapter 2: Diversity in Nutrition and Bioactivity of Gac Fruit. Dao Nguyen and Tien Huynh
Chapter 3: Carotenoids in Gac Fruit Aril - Structure and bioaccessibility. Sevcan Ersan and Judith Müller-Maatsch
Chapter 4: Gac Aril Processing Technology. Tuyen C. Kha and Minh H. Nguyen
Chapter 5: Advanced Extraction Techniques for Gac Aril Oil. Huan Phan-Tai, Tuyen C. Kha and Minh H. Nguyen
Chapter 6: Membrane Filtration Technology and its Application in Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng) oil concentration. Huynh Cang Mai
Chapter 7: Microencapsulation of Gac Aril Oil. Ngoc T. M. Ta, Tuyen C. Kha, Minh H. Nguyen
Chapter 8: Processing Technology of Gac Pulp and Peel. Hoang Van Chuyen
Chapter 9: Processing Technology of Gac Seeds. Van-Anh Le
Chapter 10: The Market of the Gac Target Products. Tai Huu Pham