Sustainable Ecological Restoration and Conservation in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan Region

A Comprehensive Review

June 2024
More details
  • Publisher
  • ISBN 9781800622555
  • Language English
  • Pages 400 pp.
  • Size 6" x 9"

The years 2021 to 2030 have been designated as "The United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration". Ecological restoration and biodiversity conservation efforts face unprecedented challenges, especially in developing countries and areas, such as the Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region. This huge HKH region, which includes areas in eight separate countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, India, China, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan), is a biodiversity hotspot with a vast array of ecosystems, landscapes, peoples and cultures. It is known as one of "the pulses of the world".

However, the HKH is also the world's largest and poorest mountain region, where landscapes and environments have been severely damaged as a result of climate change and human activities. Coordinating conservation and restoration policies, sharing knowledge and funds, and maintaining livelihoods are major challenges and are in urgent need of improvement.

This book details the past and current ecological problems in the HKH region, and the threats and challenges that ecosystems and local people face. It pays special attention to developments of transformative adaptations and presents examples of sustainable conservation and ecological restoration management practices.

Three primary questions are addressed: (1) Do the existing conservation strategies of international organizations and government policies really protect ecosystems and solve biodiversity problems? (2) Can these management measures be one-time solutions? and (3) What is the strategic framework and scenario prognosis for the future based on the historical trajectory of ecological conservation and restoration in the region?

This book is essential reading for ecologists and conservation biologists involved in large-scale ecological restoration projects, along with practitioners, graduate students, policy makers and international development workers.

Chapter 1: Environmental problems in the history and the development of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Zhanhuan Shang, Allan Degen, Zhiqiang Dang, Zhen Peng and
Devendra Gauchan.
Chapter 2: Biodiversity assessment for sustainable conservation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Zhen Peng, Allan Degen, Devendra Gauchan and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 3: The environmental impact on livelihood and food security in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region: Current and future challenges for Nepal. Madan Koirala and Yamuna Ghale
Chapter 4: Challenges of ecological conservation and restoration during the COVID-19 global pandemic in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Muhammad Khalid Rafiq, Rutherford Fellow, and Awais Iqbal

Country strategy
Chapter 5: Ecological Conservation and Restoration in Afghanistan. Awais Iqbal and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 6: Ecological Conservation and Restoration in Bangladesh. Srijana Khanal, Madan Koirala and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 7: Ecological Conservation and Restoration in Bhutan. Furbe Lama, Allan Degen and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 8: Ecological conservation and restoration on the Tibetan plateau in China. Mei Huang, Allan Degen and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 9: Ecological conservation and restoration in the Indian Himalaya region. Huma Ali, Muhammad Rafiq and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 10: Ecological protection and restoration in Myanmar. Huma Ali, Muhammad Rafiq and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 11: Ecological Restoration in Nepal: A Comprehensive Policy Overview. Ramesh Raj Pant, Madan Koirala, Diwakar Adhikari and Narayan Prasad Gaire.
Chapter 12: Ecological conservation and restoration in Pakistan. Muhammad Khalid Rafiq, Rukhsanda Aziz, Jalal Hayat Khan, Usman Ali and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 17: Wetlands in the Hindu Kush Himalaya Region: Eco-economic Function and Conservation. Ritika K.C, Usha Rai, Monika Ghimire and Udhab Raj Khadka.
Chapter 18: Glaciers and permafrost: function and conservation. Tianyun Qi, Allan Degen and Zhanhuan Shang.

Management strategies
Chapter 19: Gender roles and practices in ecological conservation and restoration. Youyan Liu, Allan Degen and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 20: Conservation strategies: multi-scale approaches and policies in Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Binyu Luo, Allan Degen and Zhanhuan Shang.
Chapter 21: Strategies for Forest and Grassland Restoration in the Himalayan Regions. Ramesh Prasad Sapkota, Rashila Deshar and Madan Koirala
Chapter 22: Sustainable Livestock Production in the Hindu- Kush Himalayan region. Allan Degen.
Chapter 23: Ecosystem services and compensation in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region: strategies and suggestions. Dawei Zhang, Jiayi He and Hui Xu.

Zhanhuan Shang

Zhanhuan Shang is a full professor at College of Ecology, Lanzhou University, China. His research interests include ecological restoration, grassland management, rural sustainable development, carbon management, biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau. He has more than 200 publications in international and Chinese journals and books.

A. Allan Degen

A. Allan Degen is an emeritus professor at Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel. He does research on livestock production under harsh conditions and has co-operated in projects in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Nepal, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Kenya, South Africa and China. He has authored or co-authored 16 books or chapters and over 220 publications in peer-reviewed journals.

Devendra Gauchan

Devendra Gauchan is an Agricultural Economist, specializing in Agricultural Economics, Agrobiodiversity conservation, Farming systems and Agricultural research policy. He has published over 50 papers and publications related to socioeconomics, farming systems, technology adoption, seed system, agriculture marketing, agrobiodiversity policy and agriculture development in Nepal.

Madan Koirala

Madan Koirala is a full Professor of Environmental Science in Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. He has published more than 100 papers on environmental science, sustainable development, water research, and ecology in the HKH region.

Muhammad Khalid Rafiq

Muhammad Khalid Rafiq is Senior Scientific Officer at the Rangeland Research Institute (RRI), National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) Islamabad, Pakistan, and Commonwealth Rutherford Fellow at UK Biochar Research Center, School of Geosciences, the University of Edinburgh (UoE), United Kingdom.

HKH region; Hindu-Kush Himalayan region; montane ecology; mountain ecology; conservation ecology; montane biodiversity; mountain biodiversity; land management; ecological restoration; livelihoods; climate change; food security; gender; ecosystem services