Afghanistan-Pakistan Shared Waters

State of the Basins

March 2024
More details
  • Publisher
  • Published
    4th March
  • ISBN 9781800622357
  • Language English
  • Pages 176 pp.
  • Size 6" x 9"

There is currently no water cooperation between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Of the nine rivers that flow across the border, none possess a formal agreement or mechanism to manage shared water resources. Further, there is very little information available about the status of environment, hydrology, and water resources management for these river basins which could be used as a starting point for dialogues on transboundary water coordination. This State of the Basins Report co-develops an overview of the three most important river basins, in collaboration with water professionals and government agencies in the two countries. It covers water resources, land resources, ecological health, environment, climate change, and the social and economic conditions for sustainable management of these precious resources. It will inform decision making within the two countries, and begin to establish benefits that can accrue from more active collaboration on these shared waters.

Key Points

  • It features extensive engagement and co-development with Afghan and Pakistani professionals
  • It focuses on portions of the Indus shared by Afghanistan and Pakistan
  • The first book on the shared waters in the Indus, developed in the context of regional realities associated with post-August 2021 Taliban takeover.
The book is aimed at government decision makers, private sector investors, universities, donors, intermediary organizations that work directly with farmers, researchers and students. It is a reference book for graduate students and researchers working on these basins, and on transboundary river and lake basin management in Asia and beyond.

1. Introduction—Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah, Jonathan Lautze and Asadullah Meelad.
2. Methodology: Co-production of Knowledge for Ownership and Sustainability—Asadullah Meelad, Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah and Jonathan Lautze.
3. Demography, Human Development and Economic Conditions—M.C. Buisson, Alias Wardak and Inayatullah Jan.
4. Climate—Muhammad Zia ur Rahman Hashmi, Muhammad Tousif Bhatti and Mujib Ahmad Aziz.
5. Surface Wate—Hassaan Furqan and Arif Anwar.
6. Groundwater—Muhammad Shahid Iqbal and Paul Pavelic.
7. Land and Water Use—Karthikeyan Matheswaran and Taimoor Akhtar.
8. Institutions and Governance—Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah and Fazilda Nabeel.
9. Cooperation in the Afghanistan-Pakistan River Basins—Asadullah Meelad, Jonathan Lautze and Shakeel Hayat.
10. Conclusions—Jonathan Lautze, Asadullah Meelad and Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah.

Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah

Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah is with IWMI, Pakistan.

Jonathan Lautze

Jonathan Lautze is with IWMI, South Africa.

Asadullah Meelad

No information

rivers; basins; water resources; Afghanistan; Pakistan; international agreements; land resources; climate change; international cooperation; Indus; Kabul; transboundary