Botany, Production and Uses
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) and is widely esteemed in tropical Asia. The jackfruit tree is well-suited to tropical lowlands, and is widely cultivated throughout south and southeast Asia. It is also grown to a limited extent in Australia, USA, East Africa, as well as in Brazil, Mexico and the Caribbean.
Producing giant fruits which can reach up to 80kg, jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit in the world. It is highly versatile, providing food, timber, fuel, medicinal and industrial products. The ripe fruit is sweet and is more often used for desserts. Canned green jackfruit has a mild taste and meat-like texture that lends itself to being called a "vegetable meat." Hence it is growing in popularity due to its use as a vegan meat alternative.
The tree is a major component of subsistence and small farming systems and the fruit often assumes the role of a secondary staple food as well as contributing to the livelihoods of the poor. Despite this, it is still an underutilized crop in many countries.
Containing information on jackfruit production technology, postharvest management and processing, this is a valuable resource for researchers in horticulture, plant science, and those interested in sustainable food systems.
1. Botany, Origin, History and Production—Michel Chauvet and Sisir Mitra
2. Composition and Uses—Anup Kumar Bhattacherjee
3. Processing and Products—Sisir Mitra, Juliet Gupta, and P. K. Pathak
4. Breeding and Varieties—Sisir Mitra
5. Biotechnology—S.Shyamalamma, P.M. Sampath, H.V.Vidyashree, V.Dileep, M.D.Valeeta and C. K. Harshitha
6. Propagation—R.M.S.R. Chamara, A. D. Nagalla, H. M. Prathibhani C. Kumarihami, D.M.S.B.
Dissanayaka, D.K.N.G. Pushpakumara and C.K. Beneragama
7. Orchard Management—G. Karunakaran, A. Thirugnanavel, S. Rajendran, M. Arivalagan, T.
Sakthivel, and P.C. Tripathi
8. Nutrition, Fertilization and Irrigation—Pravat K. Ray
9. Flowering, Fruit set and Fruit—development—Kundan Kishore, Phebe Ding, and Ankita Sahu
10. Physiological Disorders—Nor Elliza Tajidin, Azimah Hamidon, Munirah Mohamad, Hamizah Hassan and Rosmah Murdad
11. Pests—H S Singh and Gundappa Baradevanal
12. Diseases—Mai Van Tri, Dinh Thi Yen Phuong and David Guest
13. Postharvest Management—Sisir Mitra, Jigzcel Divine F. Basoy, Josephine G. Tangonana and P. K. Pathak