This book examines how government, industry and society interact to reach a level of regulation that is deemed satisfactory for the newly-emerged transformative technology that is agricultural biotechnology. It considers issues of risk and trust surrounding genetically-modified plants for the production of food and pharmaceuticals. It describes how regulations have been produced to manage, or in some cases ignore, the risks from GM products. The scope is international and the book makes a significant contribution to the literature in this growing field of interest.
PART I: INTRODUCTION
* Liability and Transformative Technology
PART II: DIAGNOSIS
* Innovation and Liability
* Social Amplification of Risk
* Consumer Responses to GM Foods
PART III: CURRENT PRESCRIPTIONS
* Regulating Transformative Technologies
* International Governance of Liabilities
* Biological Mechanisms to Control GM Liabilities
* Supply Chain Responses to Liability
* Product Differentiation Strategies
PART IV: PROGNOSIS
* Liability of Plant Made Pharmaceuticals
* Handling Liabilities from Transformative Technologies
Dr. Stuart Smyth is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics at the University of Saskatchewan, where he holds the Industry Research Chair in Agri-Food Innovation. His research focuses on sustainability, agriculture, innovation and food. Dr. Smyth publishes a weekly blog on these topics at: www.SAIFood.ca. Smyth is part of a large group of scientists at the University of Saskatchewan that received $37 million in 2015 targeted towards designing crops that will improve global food security.
Peter W. B. Phillips is Distinguished Professor in the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy at the University of Saskatchewan. He earned his MScEcon and Ph.D. at the LSE and practiced for 13 years as a professional economist and advisor in industry and government. At USask he has held the Van Vliet Research Chair, created and held an NSERC-SSHRC Chair in Managing Technological Change, was a founding member and director of the virtual College of Biotechnology and was founding director of the JSGS. He has had appointments at the LSE, the OECD, the EUI, the University of Edinburgh and the University of Western Australia. He was a founding member of the Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee and has been on many company boards, including CAPI, Pharmalytics and Ag West Bio Inc. (which operates a biotech venture fund). He has held >15 peer reviewed grants worth >$200 million and is the author/editor of 13 books, >40 journal articles and >50 book chapters, including Innovation in Agri-food Clusters (CABI 2012).
William A. Kerr is University Distinguished Professor at the University of Saskatchewan. He has a BA (International Relations) from UBC, an MA (Economics) from Simon Fraser University and a PhD (Economics and Agricultural Economics) from UBC. Prior to joining the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the U of S in 1999 he was a member of the Economics Department at the University of Calgary starting in 1980, and Professor of Economics from 1989. His major area of research is international trade and international commercial policy. He has over 250 academic publications including 25 books. Recent titles include: Handbook on International Trade Policy (2007); A Guide to the Global Business Environment (2014) and Conflict, Chaos and Confusion - The Crisis in the International Trading System (2010).