The Regulation of Agricultural Biotechnology
The regulatory systems in place prior to the development and expansion of agricultural biotechnology are still responding to this new form of technology. Such systems include trade law, intellectual property law, contract law, environmental regulations and biosafety regulations.
This book reviews these regulatory changes and consists of 24 chapters developed from papers presented at a conference of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in July 2002. It primarily considers the relationship between these changes and innovation, market development and international trade.
Part I: Introduction and Overview
* Regulation of GM Crops: Shaping an International Regime
Part 2: Evolving Regulation Systems
* The Evolving GMO Food Trade Policy Debate: Towards a Global Regulatory Regime?
* International Proposals to Regulate Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Genetic Resources
* Genetically Engineered Food Labelling: Global Policy Polarization
* Conflict and Consensus-building: International Commercial Policy and Agricultural Biotechnology
* The Rationale behind WTO Agreements and Agricultural GMO Controversy
* Trade Restrictions on Genetically Engineered Foods: The Application of the TBT Agreement
Part 3: Regulation and Innovation
* Environmental Liability and Research and Development in Biotechnology: a Real Options Approach
* Should the Public Sector Conduct Genomics R&D?
* The Case for Differentiated Appropriability in Intellectual Property Rights for Plant Varieties
* Biotechnology and Developing Countries: the Struggle over Intellectual Property Rights and Implications for Biodiversity Conservation
* Intellectual Property Strategy in the Context of Inter-organizational Relations: the Case of International Agricultural Research
Part 4: Regulations, Market Structures and Innovation
* R&D Incentives for GM Seeds: Restricted Monopoly, Non-market Effects, and Regulation
* Agricultural Biotech R&D Structure: Cyclical or Not?
* The Innovation System in Agro-food Biotechnology - is it European?
* How Firm Characteristics Influence Innovative Activity in Agricultural Biotechnology
Part 5: Regulation and Market Development
* Dynamic Pricing of GM Crop Traits
* Identity Preservation, Segregation and Traceability: Marketplace Features and Uses
* Segmentation of GMO and non-GMO Soybean Markets under Identity Preservation Costs and Government Price Supports
* EU Traceability and the US Soybean Sector
* Segregation of Non-biotech Maize and Soybeans: Who Bears the Cost?
Part 6: Economic Impacts
* Future impact of new technologies : three scenarios, their competence gaps and research implications
* Ex Ante Welfare Effects of Agricultural Biotechnology in the European Union: the Case of Transgenic Herbicide Tolerant Sugarbeet
* The Economic Impacts of Agricultural Biotechnology on International Trade, Consumers, and Producers : the Case of Maize and Soybeans in the USA