Incentives for Countryside Management

The Case of Environmentally Sensitive Areas

September 1994
More details
  • Publisher
  • Published
    1st September 1994
  • ISBN 9780851988979
  • Language English
  • Pages 304 pp.
  • Size 6.75" x 9.25"

During the last decade European agriculture has been dominated by the issues of overproduction and environmental degradation. Against this background a number of proposals to reduce surpluses and protect the environment have been implemented. Among these was the introduction in the UK of environmentally sensitive areas (ESAs) as described in the UK Agriculture Act of 1986, implementing part of an EC regulation on Improving the Efficiency of Agricultural Structures.

ESAs have been set up in areas of the country where wildlife, landscape and recreation are threatened by agricultural change. Farmers, joining on a voluntary basis, are paid to continue farming in an environmentally friendly, traditional manner which is typically extensive and livestock-based. By 1994, the total area covered will be approaching 3 million hectares. This book provides a review and an economic and policy assessment of the first and second rounds of designated ESAs, five years after their inception. Seven chapters examine particular case studies, covering a range of agricultural ecosystems from England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Other chapters describe the background to the setting up of ESAs, how the benefits of the policy can be measured and how it compares with alternative policy options. ESA schemes are now being initiated in France and Denmark.

The book addresses a topical issue and is aimed at a wide range of readers concerned with agricultural and environmental economics, policy and management.

Martin Whitby

Martin Whitby is Professor of Countryside Management at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, and is the author of Incentives for Countryside Management: the Case of ESAs and The European Environment and CAP Reform, among other titles.