July 2018
More details
  • Publisher
    World Health Organization
  • Published
    27th July 2018
  • ISBN 9789283201519
  • Language English
  • Pages 507 pp.
  • Size 8.25" x 10.25"

This volume of the IARC Monographs provides evaluations of the carcinogenicity of DDT and lindane (both organochlorine insecticides), and 2,4-D (a chlorophenoxy herbicide).

DDT is one of the most studied chemicals of environmental concern. It came into widespread use for disease-vector control and agriculture in the 1940s and was an important tool in malaria eradication efforts. Most uses of DDT were subsequently restricted because of its persistence and adverse environmental effects. Nevertheless, it is still detectable in the environment, in food, and in the blood and adipose tissue of humans and animals. Lindane was commercialized as an agricultural insecticide during the same period as DDT and is now largely banned due to its toxicity. Since its introduction in the 1940s, 2,4-D has become one of the most widely used herbicide active ingredients worldwide. It is still used in significant quantities, primarily in agriculture, including in mixtures with other active ingredients.

International Agency for Research on Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is part of the World Health Organization. IARC's mission is to coordinate and conduct research on the causes of human cancer, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and to develop scientific strategies for cancer control. The Agency is involved in both epidemiological and laboratory research and disseminates scientific information through publications, meetings, courses, and fellowships.