Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health
WHO Emerging Issues in Water & Infectious Disease
World Health Organization
12th December 2012
- ISBN 9789241564519
- Language English
- Pages 432 pp.
- Size 6.25" x 9.25"
Domestic animals contaminate recreational waters and drinking-water sources with excreta and pathogens; this threat to public health is inadequately understood and is insufficiently addressed in regulations.
More than 85% of the world's faecal waste is from domestic animals such as poultry, cattle, sheep and pigs. These animals harbor zoonotic pathogens that are transported in the environment by water, especially runoff. However little information exists on health effects associated with exposure to this potential hazard to human health; and water standards focused on control of human fecal contamination do reflect the contribution of non-human fecal contamination to risk.
Does compliance with current monitoring practices using microbial indicators provide protection against animal and bird sources of fecal contamination?
Prepared with contributions from a group of international experts, Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health considers microbial contamination from domestic animal and bird sources and explores the health hazards associated with this microbial contamination and approaches to protecting public health.
Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health will be of interest to regulators with responsibility for recreational waters, drinking water quality and water reuse; policymakers working in water quality, public health and agriculture; decision makers responsible for livestock management; and scientists and practitioners concerned with many affected subjects.
Burden of zoonotic waterborne diseases
Zoonotic Waterborne Pathogen Loads in Livestock
Zoonotic Waterborne pathogens in Livestock and their Excreta - Interventions
Transport of microbial pollution in catchment systems
Effectiveness of best management practices (BMPs) for attenuating the transport of livestock-derived pathogens within catchments
Indicators, sanitary surveys, and source attribution techniques
Comparative risk analysis
A Review of Epidemiological Studies on Swimmer Health Effects Associated with Potential Exposure to Zoonotic Pathogens in Bathing Beach Water