Psychological First Aid

Guide for Field Workers

December 2011
More details
  • Publisher
    World Health Organization
  • Published
    30th December 2011
  • ISBN 9789241548205
  • Language English
  • Pages 64 pp.
  • Size 6.25" x 9.25"
  • Images four-color throughout

Perhaps you are called upon as a staff member or volunteer to help in a major disaster, or you find yourself at the scene of an accident where people are hurt. Perhaps you are a teacher or health worker talking with someone from your community who has just witnessed the violent death of a loved one. This guide will help you to know the most supportive things to say and do for people who are very distressed. It will also give you information on how to approach a new situation safely for yourself and others, and not to cause harm by your actions.

Psychological first aid (PFA) has been recommended by many international and national expert groups, including the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the Sphere Project. Psychological first aid is an alternative to psychological debriefing. In 2009, the World Health Organization’s mhGAP Guidelines Development Group evaluated the evidence for psychological first aid and psychological debriefing. They concluded that psychological first aid, rather than psychological debriefing, should be offered to people in severe distress after being recently exposed to a traumatic event.

This guide was developed in order to have widely agreed upon psychological first aid materials for use in low- and middle-income countries. Endorsed by many international agencies, it reflects the emerging science and international consensus on how to support people in the immediate aftermath of extremely stressful events.

This guide for field workers is to be used together with Psychological First Aid: Facilitator's Manual for Orienting Field Workers.

1) Understanding PFA
2) How to Help Responsibly
3) Providing PFA
4) Caring for Yourself & Your Colleagues
5) Practise What You Have Learned
Psychological First Aid: Pocket Guide
References & Resources

World Health Organization

World Health Organization is a Specialized Agency of the United Nations, charged to act as the world's directing and coordinating authority on questions of human health. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.