Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology Edition 2

Genetic Approaches

November 2011
More details
  • Publisher
  • Published
    16th November 2011
  • ISBN 9781845936518
  • Language English
  • Pages 506 pp.
  • Size 6.875" x 9.75"
  • Images 68 illus
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The growth rate of worldwide aquaculture has been sustained and rapid, and the explosion of research in genetic biotechnology has made significant impact on aquaculture and fisheries, although potential for much greater progress exists. Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology covers topics essential to the study of fish genetics, including qualitative and quantitative traits, crossbreeding, inbreeding, genetic drift, hybridization, selection programs, polyploidy, genomics and cloning. This fully updated second edition also addresses environmental risk, food safety and government regulation of transgenic aquatic organisms, commercial applications of fish biotechnology and future issues in fish genetics. It is essential reading for researchers and students in fish genetics and fish molecular genetics.

"All in all, a wealth of up-to-date knowledge presented to the reader in a clear and understandable manner, in spite of the subject matter being complicated. The book will be useful to students, teachers and scientists, fishery biologists and educated fish farmers, as well as anyone interested in aquaculture and fisheries."

Gideon Hulata, Department of Poultry and Aquaculture, Institute of Animal Science - , Aquaculture

1. History of Biotechnology, Genetics and Selective Breeding in Aquaculture and Fisheries
2. Phenotypic Variation and Environmental Effects
3. Basic Genetics, Qualitative Traits and Selection for Qualitative Traits
4. Strain Evaluation, Domestication and Strain Selection
5. Population Size, Inbreeding, Random Genetic Drift and Maintenance of Genetic Quality
6. Gynogenesis, Androgenesis, Cloned Populations and Nuclear Transplantation
7. Intraspecific Crossbreeding
8. Interspecific Hybridization
9. Selection and Correlated Responses to Selection
10. Polyploidy and Xenogenesis
11. Sex Reversal and Breeding
12. Biochemical and Molecular Markers
13. Population Genetics and Interactions of Hatchery and Wild Fish
14. Genomics, Gene Mapping, Quantitative Trait Locus Mapping and Marker-assisted Selection
15. Gene Expression
16. Gene-transfer Technology
17. Combining Genetic Enhancement Programmes
18. Genotype-Environment Interactions
19. Commercial Application of Fish Biotechnology
20. Environmental Risk of Aquatic Organisms from Genetic Biotechnology
21. Food Safety of Transgenic Aquatic Organisms
22. A Case Example: Safety of Consumption of Transgenic Salmon Potentially Containing Elevated Levels of Growth Hormone and Insulin-like Growth Factor
23. Government Regulation of Transgenic Fish and Biotechnology Products
24. Strategies for Genetic Conservation, Gene Banking and Maintaining Genetic Quality
25. Ethics
26. Constraints and Limitations of Genetic Biotechnology

Rex A. Dunham

Rex Dunham is a Professor and Aquaculture Geneticist in the School of Fisheries Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences at Auburn University. He received a B.S. from the University of Illinois in 1978, a M.S. and a PhD in Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures from Auburn University in 1979 and 1981. He has been on the faculty at Auburn University for 37 years. He also briefly served as Program Leader for the Genetic Enhancement and Breeding Program, ICLARM, Philippines, and as the President of the International Association of Genetics in Aquaculture From 2009-2012. His research team was the first to demonstrate that selection works for the genetic improvement of channel catfish, the first to release genetically improved fish (catfish) in the United States, made the first transgenic fish in the United States, conducted the first outdoor environmental risk assessment and the first outdoor evaluation of performance of any transgenic animal in the world, generated the first xenogenic catfish (channel catfish males capable of producing blue catfish sperm, a form of stem cell surrogacy), accomplished the first repressible transgenic sterilization in fish, the first targeted gene insertion in the non-coding region of a fish and the first double CRISPR knockin of 2 transgenes in the non-coding region of 2 chromosomes. His research led to two major changes in the genetic type of fish used in the US catfish industry, the last resulting in the transformation of the US channel catfish industry into a majority hybrid catfish industry.