Learning to Live Together
Struggles for Citizenship and Human Rights Education
Citizenship education engages with living together in diverse societies where democracy provides a framework for lively struggles against discrimination by gender, ethnicity, class, or sexuality. In this lecture, Hugh Starkey draws lessons from historic struggles against racist structures and ideologies, noting that leaders such as Mandela, King, and Malcolm X invoked the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to invite solidarity, linking local and global communities in common citizenship. He examines some pedagogical problems raised by earlier attempts to challenge narrowly nationalist perspectives. Education for cosmopolitan citizenship provides expression for multiple voices and promotes common standards that both include and transcend so-called fundamental British values.