The Handbook of International Higher Education Edition 2

December 2021
More details
  • Publisher
    Stylus Publishing
  • Published
    7th December 2021
  • ISBN 9781642671131
  • Language English
  • Pages 588 pp.
  • Size 7.5" x 10.5"
December 2021
More details
  • Publisher
    Stylus Publishing
  • Published
    9th December 2021
  • ISBN 9781642671124
  • Language English
  • Pages 588 pp.
  • Size 7.5" x 10.5"
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December 2021
More details
  • Publisher
    Stylus Publishing
  • Published
    7th December 2021
  • ISBN 9781642671148
  • Language English
  • Pages 588 pp.
  • Size 7.5" x 10.5"

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December 2021
More details
  • Publisher
    Stylus Publishing
  • Published
    7th December 2021
  • ISBN 9781642671155
  • Language English
  • Pages 588 pp.
  • Size 7.5" x 10.5"

Co-published with AIEA

International higher education has evolved, in some respects dramatically, in the decade since publication of the first edition of this handbook. The new issues, trends, practices and priorities of research that evolved over this time have in some instances been transformed by one of the most dynamic and tumultuous periods in the history of international higher education, brought on by the pandemic, a re-emergence of nationalism, and the recognition of the power imbalances between the developed economies and the global south, and racial inequities within and across borders. 

This new edition addresses the myriad changes across all aspects of international education, each chapter addressing to the extent possible the reality of the present in which they were written and offering some insights for the future. While updating a number of chapters from the first edition, it also includes a preponderance of new chapters written by contributors representing wider and more diverse backgrounds.

In keeping with the first edition, the overall message is that the internationalization of higher education has a vital role to play in a world that is more interconnected than ever before. Recognizing changing economic, geopolitical, climatic, and public health issues, as well as the importance of international and cross-cultural collaboration to address global problems, this handbook offers a comprehensive range of models, data and ideas to stimulate new directions in the conception and practice of international education.

This edition reflects today’s concerns around inclusion, diversity and equity, and how international education is being changed by issues such as decolonization, the focus on learning outcomes, the impact of digital tools to enhance access and learning and collaboration such a virtual exchange, competition for resources, risk, new patterns of mobility, and new models such as joint programs and qualifications.

As with the first edition, the chapters often intentionally pair scholars and practitioners from different parts of the world, and include text boxes that highlight concrete institutional, national, or regional experiences, providing diverse voices and perspectives from around the world.

This comprehensive new edition provides ideas, concepts, theories and practical ideas from around the world for those seeking to enhance the quality of the three core functions of higher education: teaching, research and service to society. It constitutes an essential resource for everyone involved in the delivery of international education and in determining its future direction. 

Summary of Contents

Maintaining a similar structure of the first edition, this revised Handbook is comprised of four sections.  

The first section includes five chapters that address national, regional and international frameworks and contexts.  

The second addresses key aspects of internationalization at the strategy level, covering leadership, institutional strategies, outcomes assessment, resources and financing, risk management, and institutional linkages and partnerships.    

The third describes core functions of internationalization, addressing intercultural competence development, the internationalization of the curriculum, teaching and learning, virtual exchange, international perspectives on the work of student affairs professionals, student engagement, engaging staff and faculty, the internationalization of research and finally, and a chapter on serving communities.

“As a unique and important contribution, this essential book brings together leading educators and scholars from different institutions and countries to explore a wide range of key issues and perspectives on internationalization, student mobility, and the future of higher education.”

Krishna Bista - Professor of Higher Education, Morgan State University and Founding Editor, Journal of International Students

"The Handbook of International Higher Education has been a trusted companion for both emerging and established practitioners and scholars in the field. This second edition presents an updated perspective on a field that has undergone a dramatic transformation over the last few years; it is hard to imagine a more timely resource."

Gerardo Blanco - Academic Director, Boston College Center for International Higher Education

"This volume on international higher education is a comprehensive account of technical and adaptive dimensions of our most ambitious project — reorienting learning and teaching such that we dismantle the barriers that exist between humans."

Mitalene Fletcher - Co-Chair, Global Education Think Tank, Harvard University

“This handbook combines current and comprehensive analysis that offers essential insights in the fast-changing field of international higher education. The contributions to this volume offer critical analysis, including practical insights and further reading lists, make this an essential resource for international educators and researchers to use again and again.”

Chris Glass - Professor of the Practice, Lynch School of Education and Human Development, Director, Executive Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Higher Education, Boston College

"With a stellar roster of global experts addressing both longstanding issues and emerging topics and challenges, The Handbook of International Higher Education is a tremendously valuable resource for the international education field."

Robin Helms - Assistant Vice President for Programs and Global Initiatives, American Council on Education (ACE)

"This comprehensive handbook comes at exactly the right time as international higher education reinvents itself following the initial years of disruption from COVID. The experts not only provide a solid foundational understanding of the internationalization of higher education, but also offer insights on the evolution taking place right now and the innovations we can expect to become norms in the future."

Linda Liu - Vice President, International, College Board

“Having regularly drawn on the ground-breaking first edition of the SAGE Handbook of International Education, I am excited to welcome this timely and informative second edition. We are collectively responding to the disruption to many of our traditional forms of internationalisation of higher education, consequent of the global effects of, and responses to, the COVID pandemic. As we reimagine our futures in international education, I am extremely grateful to the authors for sharing evolving and innovative thinking and practice in internationalisation of higher education at this time. I am especially appreciative of the leading experts who, drawing on this global expertise, have succeeded in providing us with such an important and helpful resource.”

Orla Quinlan - President of the International Education Association of South Africa (IEASA) 2019-2020

"It is indeed timely that AIEA releases this comprehensive Handbook. At a time that we face challenges in ensuring the ongoing internationalisation of higher education that we could never have envisaged when the first edition was published. I have no doubt that this Handbook will contribute significantly to the response to those challenges."

Sarah Todd - President, APAIE (Asia Pacific Association for International Education)

“This handbook is a vital resource for educators leading the transformation of higher education internationalization on their campuses.”

Melissa Torres - President and CEO, The Forum on Education Abroad

"An essential reference work for anyone with a professional or scholarly interest in internationalisation of higher education, this revised volume offers up-to-date insights from key experts into the major issues framing international higher education policy, practice and scholarship today."

Piet Van Hove - Vice-President, European Association for International Education

Foreword — Francisco Marmolejo

Preface — Darla K. Deardorff, Hans de Wit, Betty Leask, and Harvey Charles


Part One: National, Regional and International Frameworks and Contexts

1) Trends in Global Higher Education and the Future of Internationalization: Beyond 2020
— Laura Rumbley, Phil Altbach, Liz Reisberg, Betty Leask

2) The History of the Internationalization of Higher Education — Hans de Wit and Gilbert Merkx

3) The Evolving Definitions of Internationalization: A Question of Values — Fiona Hunter, Bryan McAllister-LeGrand, Douglas Proctor, Hans de Wit

4) Regional Approaches to the Internationalization of Higher Education — Eva Egron-Polak and Giorgio Marinoni

5) National Policies for the Internationalization of Higher Education — Daniela Craciun

Part Two: Institutional Strategy and Leadership

6) Leadership in International Higher Education — Harvey Charles and John Heyl

7) Institutional Strategies and International Programs: Learning From Experiences of Change — Fiona Hunter, Cheryl Matherly, Neil Sparnon, and Riall Nolan

8) Assessing Internationalization Outcomes — Darla K. Deardorff and Adinda van Gaalen

9) Resources for Higher Education Internationalization in an Era of Opportunity and Challenge — John Hudzik, Penelope Pynes, and Nico Jooste

10) Managing Risks: Improving the Health, Safety and Wellbeing of Mobile Students — John Lucas and Melissa Banks

11) Partnering for a Global Future: Expanding the Impact of International Linkages — Susan Buck Sutton and Uwe Brandenburg

Part Three: Internationalization of Core Functions

12) Intercultural Competence as a Focus in International Higher Education — Darla Deardorff and Elspeth Jones

13) Internationalizing the Curriculum, Teaching, and Learning — Elizabeth Brewer and Betty Leask

14) Internationalization at Home Through Virtual Exchange — Francesca Helm and Sarah Guth

15) The Student Affairs Profession – International Perspectives — Darbi Roberts, Ravi Ammigan, Dennis Roberts, Betty Leask

16) Engaging Students as Partners in Internationalisation for Empowerment and Leadership — Wendy Green and Aryn Baxter

17) Engaging Faculty and Staff in the Internationalization of Higher Education
— Craig Whitsed, Jeanine Gregersen, Marina Casals Sala, Betty Leask

18) Internationalization of Research — Ayenachew Woldegiyorgis, Douglas Proctor, and Hans de Wit

19) Serving Communities Through Internationalisation — Richard Kiely and Hok Ka Carol Ma

Part Four: Transnational Activities

20) International Mobility and Migration of Degree-Seeking Students: Trends and Issues — Rahul Choudaha and Christof Van Mol

21) International Student Recruitment: Issues, Approaches, and Outcomes — Pia Wood, Stephen Connolly, and Dennis Murray

22) International Joint, Double and Consecutive Degree Programs: New Developments, Issues and Challenges — Jane Knight and Jack Lee

23) Credit Mobility — Brian Whalen and Julia Gonzalez

24) The Growth of International Joint Universities Around the World — Jane Knight and Diane Simpson

25) Conclusion: Towards a Future Agenda for the Internationalization of (Higher) Education — Darla Deardorff, Hans de Wit, Betty Leask, Harvey Charles

Editors and Contributors



Darla K. Deardorff

Darla K. Deardorff is Executive Director of the Association of International Education Administrators and Affiliated Faculty at Duke University, Nelson Mandela University (South Africa), and at Shanghai International Studies University (China).

Hans de Wit

Hans de Wit is distinguished fellow and professor emeritus of the practice in international higher education at the Center for International Higher Education (CIHE) at Boston College, USA. During 2015–2020, he was full-time director of CIHE. He is senior fellow of the International Association of Universities (IAU), based at UNESCO.

Hans de Wit is founding member (1989) and past president (1993–1994) of the European Association for International Education (EAIE). He is the founding editor of the Journal of Studies in International Education (Association for Studies in International Education/SAGE), and consulting editor of the journal Policy Reviews in Higher Education (SRHE). He is associate chief editor of International Higher Education, and coeditor of the book series Global Perspectives in Higher Education (Brill/Sense).

He has (co)written many books and articles on international(ization of) higher education and is actively involved in assessment and consultancy in international education, for organizations such as the European Commission, the European Parliament, UNESCO, the World Bank, and IAU.

He has been director of the Centre for Higher Education Internationalisation (CHEI) at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (UCSC) in Milan, Italy, and professor of internationalization of higher education at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. In 2005–2006, he was selected as a scholar of the Fulbright New Century Scholars Program.

During 1996–2005, he was vice-president for international affairs at the University of Amsterdam. He holds a bachelor degree, a master degree, and a PhD from the University of Amsterdam.

In 2022, CIHE established the Hans de Wit Fellowship for Early Career Researchers in Higher Education with seed funding from World Education Services. In December 2021, De Wit received the North Star Medal of Lifetime Achievement under the A. Noam Chomsky Global Connections Awards of StarScholars (Society of Transnational Academic Scholars). In 2019, he was the recipient of the Charles Klasek Award of the Association for International Education Administrators (AIEA) for long-term and outstanding service to the field of international education. He has received several other awards from the following organizations: EAIE (2008), NAFSA (2002), CIEE (2006), University of Amsterdam (2006), AMPEI (2014), and UCSC (2015).

Betty Leask

Betty Leask, Professor Emerita in the Internationalisation of Higher Education at La Trobe University Australia and Editor-in Chief of the Journal of Studies in International Education, the leading journal in the field, is a pre-eminent scholar and thought-leader in the internationalisation of higher education. She is a Research Fellow at the Centre for International Higher Education (CIHE) at Boston College US and an Honorary Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Higher Education Internationalisation at Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Italy.

Harvey Charles

Harvey Charles is Dean for International Education and Vice Provost for Global Strategy at SUNY-Albany and Past-President of the Association of International Education Administrators.

Assessing Internationalization Outcomes; Intercultural Competence; Internationalizing the Curriculum; Mobile Students ; Virtual Exchange; International Programs; International Student Recruitment; International Joint, Double and Consecutive Degree Programs; International Joint Universities